Leyte: November 6, 1944

I am now a guerrilla chieftain. A number of guerrillas have been attached to the I&R Platoon and are under our control. They help us spot the Japs who put on native clothes and attempt to infiltrate through our lines. They also pick up Filipino 5th columnists who have aided the enemy. Some of them are o.k., but others are opportunists who hang around with us in order to get food and clothing. We are gradually weeding them out.

I have spoken to a number of guerillas, questioning them about their social institutions. Before the war they had a very democratic government apparently. Each village elected a mayor, vice mayor, treasurer, clerk and a council of 8: The mayor served for a 3 year term. Then there was the National government under President [Manuel] Quezon. Since he died, Osmena is now President and these guerrillas seem to think very highly of him.

He is a mestizo, (mixed blood) part Chinese and part Filipino. The Filipinos consider him more liberal that Quezon and more concerned with the problems of the poor people and a kind of local edition of F.D.R. They are all intensely interested in independence but want the protection and guidance of the U.S.